Thursday, May 1, 2008

FIREFIGHTER MATTHEW COOK - APPEAL

OIDV OFFENDER: FIREFIGHTER MATTHEW COOK [FIREFIGHTER WAYLAND FIRE DEPARTMENT]






See also Cook's second appeal [OV scoring of Cook as a sexual delinquent]: http://michiganoidv.blogspot.com/2009/11/oidv-offender-appeal-firefighter.html









CHARGED WITH CHILD PORNOGRAPHY WHILE ON PROBATION FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ASSAULT:[ http://michiganoidv.blogspot.com/2004/03/firefighter-matthew-cook-wayland-fd.html ]. COOK WAS CONVICTED OF ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO COMMIT SEXUAL PENETRATION; 2 COUNTS OF 3RD DEGREE CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONDUCT; GROSS INDECENCY; AND 1ST DEGREE CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONDUCT.


ON 04/04/2008, COOK WAS SENTENCED 9 YEARS TO LIFE IN PRISON.





ON 04/28/2008, Cook filed an appeal to have the CSC thrown out, and argued that the Court erred in scoring an offense variable to reflect prolonged pain and humiliation inflicted by Cook towards his victim.


ON 05/28/2009, the Michigan Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court's sentencing of Cook:
"...
However, the trial court made clear that the scoring decision was based on complainant’s testimony generally, not just the knife incident. The evidence that defendant engaged in a prolonged pattern of sexual abuse, which routinely involved choking complainant, pulling her hair, and subjecting her to abusive language, well supported the conclusion that defendant had treated complainant with conduct “designed to substantially increase the fear and anxiety,” or subjecting her to “extreme or prolonged . . . humiliation . . . inflicted to produce suffering or for the offender’s gratification.” That a knife threat eventually capped this campaign of intimidation and humiliation indicates neither that a fact from one offense was erroneously scored for another, nor that the trial court overly relied on that single evidentiary particular in reaching its scoring decision.
For these reasons, we conclude that the evidence well supported the trial court’s decision to score OV 7 at 50 points. "


MDOC NUMBER: 496094
CURRENT STATUS: PRISONER
LOCATION: MACOMB CORRECTIONAL FACILITY
SECURITY LEVEL: II
EARLIEST RELEASE DATE: 07/18/2017
MAXIMUM DISCHARGE DATE: LIFE

SENTENCE 1:
OFFENSE: CSC- ASSAULT W/ INTENT TO COMMIT SEXUAL PENETRATION

MCL #: 750.520G1
COURT FILE # : 07015431-FH-C
COUNTY: ALLEGAN
CONVICTION TYPE: JURY
MINIMUM SENTENCE: 5 YEARS 7 MONTHS
MAXIMUM SENTENCE: 10 YEARS 0 MONTHS
DATE OF OFFENSE: 04/01/2004
DATE OF SENTENCE: 04/04/2008

SENTENCE 2:
OFFENSE: CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONDUCT, 3RD DEGREE [FORCE OR COERCION]

MCL #: 750.520D1B
COURT FILE # : 07015431-FH-C
COUNTY: ALLEGAN
CONVICTION TYPE: JURY
MINIMUM SENTENCE: 10 YEARS 0 MONTHS
MAXIMUM SENTENCE: 15 YEARS 0 MONTHS
DATE OF OFFENSE: 04/01/2004
DATE OF SENTENCE: 04/04/2008

SENTENCE 3:
OFFENSE: CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONDUCT, 3RD DEGREE [FORCE OR COERCION]

MCL #: 750.52D1B
COURT FILE # : 07015431-FH-C
COUNTY: ALLEGAN
CONVICTION TYPE: JURY
MINIMUM SENTENCE: 10 YEARS 0 MONTHS
MAXIMUM SENTENCE: 15 YEARS 0 MONTHS
DATE OF OFFENSE: 04/01/2004
DATE OF SENTENCE: 04/04/2008

SENTENCE 4:
OFFENSE: GROSS INDECENCY BETWEEN MALE & FEMALE- COMMITTING / PROCURRING

MCL #: 750.338B / 750.10A
COURT FILE # : 0702979-FH
COUNTY: KENT
CONVICTION TYPE: PLEA
MINIMUM SENTENCE: 7 YEARS 0 MONTHS
MAXIMUM SENTENCE: LIFE
DATE OF OFFENSE: 03/01/2007
DATE OF SENTENCE:08/28/2007

SENTENCE 5:
OFFENSE: CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONDUCT, 1ST DEGREE [PERSON UNDER 13] -SOLICIT

MCL #: 750.520B1A / 769.10
COURT FILE # : 0702979-FH
COUNTY: KENT
CONVICTION TYPE: PLEA
MINIMUM SENTENCE: 3 YEARS 0 MONTHS
MAXIMUM SENTENCE: 5 YEARS 0 MONTHS
DATE OF OFFENSE: 03/01/2007
DATE OF SENTENCE: 08/28/2007


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Matthew Cook appeals possible life sentenceBy Advance Newspapers
December 21, 2009, 11:27AM
http://www.mlive.com/penaseeglobe/index.ssf/2009/12/matthew_cook_appeals_possible.html
Court of Appeals has ruled for Cook’s resentencing. Cook is currently in prison after attempting to hire a Grand Rapids prostitute to bring him a child between the ages of 10 and 12, for sexual purposes.

Cook pleaded guilty to solicitation to commit first-degree criminal sexual conduct and attempting to procure and act of gross indecency between a male and female. According to the Court of Appeals, Cook was sentenced as a “sexually delinquent person,” for seven years to life on the gross indecency conviction and as a second habitual offender, to a concurrent prison sentence of three to five years for the solicitation conviction. He was sentenced for the March 1, 2008 offense on Aug. 28, 2008.

On Dec. 10, the State of Michigan Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Cook’s resentencing because of errors in procedural requirements regarding Cook’s sexual delinquency determination.

A former Wayland volunteer firefighter, Cook served jail time for using a computer at the city’s Public Safety Building to access child sexually abusive material on the Internet.

Cook also has three active prison sentences for Allegan County CSC offenses committed on April 1, 2004, for which he was sentenced on April 4, 2008 after a jury trial. He is serving up to 10 years for CSC assault with intent to commit sexual penetration, up to 15 years for CSC 3rd degree (force or coercion) and up 15 years for CSC 3rd degree (force or coercion).


**********

MICHIGAN COURT OF APPEALS
PEOPLE OF MI
V
MATTHEW THOMAS COOK
COA Case Number: 285211


1 PEOPLE OF MIOral Argument: N
Timely: Y
PL-AE
PRS
(26934) ASTLE JUDY HUGHES
113 CHESTNUT ST
ALLEGAN MI 49010
269-673-0280


2 COOK MATTHEW THOMAS
Oral Argument: Y
Timely: Y
DF-AT
SAD
(67095) PAGAC CHRISTINE A
645 GRISWOLD
3300 PENOBSCOT BUILDING
DETROIT MI 48226-4281
313-256-9833

Status: Case Concluded; File Archived



05/01/08: - 1 – Claim of Appeal- Criminal
Proof Of Service Date: 4/28/2008
Jurisdictional Checklist: N
Register of Actions: Y
Fee Code: PI
Attorney:1284 - STATE APPELLATE DEFENDER


04/07/08 – 2 – Order Appealed From
From: ALLEGAN COUNTY CIRCUIT COURT
Case Number: 07-015431-FH
Trial Court Judge: 12239 CORSIGLIA GEORGE R
Nature of Case:
CSC-3 2 COUNTS
Criminal Miscellaneous



05/01/2008 – 4 – Transcript Ordered by Trial Court
Date: 4/28/2008
Reporter: 1344 - MEADE DEBRA J
Hearings:
11/29/2007
3/3/2008
4/4/2008



05/01/08: - 5 – Steno Certificate- Tr Request Received
Date: 4/28/2008
Timely: Y
Reporter: 1344 - MEADE DEBRA J
Hearings:
11/29/2007
3/3/2008
4/4/2008



08/07/2008 – 8 – Transcript Overdue- Notice to Reporter
Mail Date: 8/7/2008
Reporter: 1344 - MEADE DEBRA J


08/11/2008 –9 – Notice of Filing Transcript
Date: 8/7/2008
Reporter: 1344 - MEADE DEBRA J
Hearings:
11/29/2007
3/3/2008
4/4/2008



09/22/2008: - 10 – Motion: Extend Time- Appellant
Proof Of Service Date: 9/22/2008
Filed By Attorney: 67095 - PAGAC CHRISTINE A
For Party: 2 COOK MATTHEW THOMAS DF-AT
Requested Extension: 1/5/2009
Answer Due: 9/29/2008


09/30/2008: - 11 – Submitted On Administrative Motion Docket
Event: 10 Extend Time - Appellant
District: G
Item #: 0


10/08/2008: - 12- Order: Extend Time – Appelant Brief – Grant
Event: 10 Extend Time - Appellant
Panel: CMM
Attorney: 67095 - PAGAC CHRISTINE A
Extension Date: 1/5/2009
Comments: motion for further extension is discouraged and will be granted only on a showing of good cause.


01/05/2009: - 13 – Brief: Appellant
Proof Of Service Date: 1/5/2009
Oral Argument Requested: Y
Timely Filed: Y
Filed By Attorney: 67095 - PAGAC CHRISTINE A
For Party: 2 COOK MATTHEW THOMAS DF-AT


01/05/2009: - 14 – Presentence Investigation Report – Confidential
Date: 1/5/2009
For Party: 2 COOK MATTHEW THOMAS DF-AT
Attorney: 67095 - PAGAC CHRISTINE A


01/20/2009: - 15 – Stips: Extend Time- AE Brief
Extend Until: 3/9/2009
Filed By Attorney: 10172 - ANDERSON FREDERICK L
For Party: 1 PEOPLE OF MI PL-AE
P/S Date: 1/16/2009


02/09/2009: - 16 – Brief: Appellee
Proof Of Service Date: 2/6/2009
Oral Argument Requested: N
Timely Filed: Y
Filed By Attorney: 26934 - ASTLE JUDY HUGHES
For Party: 1 PEOPLE OF MI PL-AE


02/10/2009: - 17 – Noticed
Record: REQST Mail Date: 2/11/2009


02/19/2009: - 18 – Record Filed
Comments: FILE; 5 TRNS


05/12/2009: - 27 – Submitted W/O Argument Per 7.214[E]
Item #: 27
Panel: ETF,MJT,DBS


05/28/2009: -34 – Opinion – Per Curiam – Unpublished
[SEE BELOW]
Pages: 3
Panel: ETF,MJT,DBS
Result: L/Ct Judgment/Order Affirmed



08/20/2009: - 35 – Remittitur & Record Returned – Close Out
File Location: F
Comments: lcf;5 tr--allegan circ


Case Listing Complete


**********






**********

STATE OF MICHIGAN COURT OF APPEALS
PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN,Plaintiff-Appellee,


V.


MATTHEW THOMAS COOK,Defendant-Appellant.

UNPUBLISHED
May 28, 2009

No. 285211
Allegan Circuit Court
LC No. 07-015431-FH

Before: Fitzgerald, P.J., and Talbot and Shapiro, JJ.
PER CURIAM.


A jury convicted defendant of two counts of criminal sexual conduct in the third degree (CSC III), MCL 750.520d(1)(b) (force or coercion), and one count of assault with intent to commit CSC involving penetration, MCL 750.520g(1). The trial court sentenced defendant to concurrent prison terms of ten to 15 years for each CSC conviction, and five years, seven months to ten years for the assault conviction. Defendant appeals as of right. We affirm. This appeal has been decided without oral argument pursuant to MCR 7.214(E).

Complainant testified that she had had a romantic relationship with defendant from 2001 to 2004, but that from the time defendant’s father died in March 2003 and when she left the area in April 2004, defendant sexually assaulted her, by way of vaginal and oral penetration, too many times to count. Complainant additionally described defendant choking her, pulling her hair forcibly, and calling her such epithets as “slut,” “whore,” and “bitch” during such violence, adding that defendant, “liked it when I was fighting him”. She further testified that, on the occasion that finally drove her away, defendant threatened her with a knife, his designs of sexually exploiting her on that occasion being thwarted only because she screamed and caused defendant’s mother to enter the room. Complainant added, “He knows I am deathly scared of knifes.” [Sic.]

Complaining of the lack of specificity concerning when the alleged incidents of sexual abuse took place, defendant moved before trial to quash the information. The trial court in response reduced the charges to a single count of CSC III involving vaginal penetration, a single count of CSC III based on oral penetration, and a single count of assault based on the knife incident. The trial court denied a motion made at the close of the prosecutor’s proofs for a directed verdict predicated on that lack of specificity.

On appeal, defendant argues that the trial court erred in proceeding with the case in light of complainant’s inability to specify distinct times for her numerous allegations of sexual aggression, and also that the trial court erred in scoring an offense variable to reflect prolonged pain or humiliation.

I. Specificity
A trial court’s decision concerning the degree of specificity required of criminal charges is reviewed for an abuse of discretion. People v Naugle, 152 Mich App 227, 233; 393 NW2d 352 (1986).

MCL 767.45(1)(b) requires that a criminal indictment or information contain “[t]he time of the offense as near as may be,” while further providing that “[n]o variance as to time shall be fatal unless time is of the essence of the offense.” This Court has held that “time is not of the essence in criminal sexual conduct cases . . . .” People v Stricklin, 162 Mich App 623, 635; 413 NW2d 457 (1987). Accordingly, CSC cases may proceed where the best the victim can do is to describe in general terms repeated sexual abuse taking place over several weeks or months. See id. at 634-635.

Defendant points out that the case law allowing CSC prosecutions notwithstanding the
victim’s inability to match acts to dates with great specificity involved child victims, and suggests that such an approach is appropriate for child victims only. We disagree. An adult victim of repeated sexual misconduct, taking place over significant time in the context of a close relationship, may also not be able to differentiate the multitude of unlawful acts with great clarity, and to catalogue them on a day-by-day basis, when speaking to the police years after the fact.

In addition, the trial court properly avoided the possibility of defendant’s being convicted of multiple counts on the basis of evidence that poorly distinguished between multiple offenses by reducing the charges to three reflecting distinct factual theories—one each of forced vaginal penetration, forced oral penetration, and assault with a knife.

We further note that the nature of the allegations against which defendant would be obliged to defend was made plain to defendant, that the prosecuting attorney endeavored to narrow the time frame involved as best as could be achieved, and that defendant does not explain how his defense might have been otherwise changed had specific acts been ascribed to specific dates. See Stricklin, supra at 633-634; Naugle, supra at 233-234.

Defendant argues that the lack of specificity in this instance exposes him to successive prosecutions for what could be the same alleged conduct, in violation of double jeopardy principles. However, any such argument is premature unless and until such a successive prosecution occurs. Only in the event of such a development would it become necessary to compare the instant proceedings with the new ones to determine whether defendant was being subjected to multiple prosecutions for the same criminal allegations.

For these reasons, we conclude that the trial court did not abuse its discretion in allowing this case to go forward despite complainant’s inability more closely to narrow the possible dates of the assaultive conduct of which she complained.


II. Offense Variable 7
The trial court scored offense variable (OV) 7, which addresses aggravated physical abuse, at 50 points, the amount prescribed where the offender treated the victim “with sadism, torture, or excessive brutality or conduct designed to substantially increase the fear and anxiety a victim suffered during the offense . . . .” MCL 777.37(1)(a). Subsection (3) of that statute in turn defines “sadism” as “conduct that subjects a victim to extreme or prolonged pain or humiliation and is inflicted to produce suffering or for the offender’s gratification.”
Defendant objected at sentencing, but the trial court stated, “based on the victim’s
testimony I’m satisfied that . . . the objected to Offense Variable[ was] correctly scored by the Court, and is substantiated by the testimony that the victim gave during the course of the trial.” (4/4/08 sentencing transcript, p 4.)

“This Court reviews a sentencing court’s scoring decision to determine whether the trial court properly exercised its discretion and whether the record evidence adequately supports a particular score.” People v McLaughlin, 258 Mich App 635, 671; 672 NW2d 860 (2003). However, to the extent that a scoring issue calls for statutory interpretation, review is de novo. Id.

Defendant emphasizes that the knife attack stemmed from the assault charge, not the CSC allegations, and suggests that it thus could not be used as a factor in scoring the CSC offenses.
However, the trial court made clear that the scoring decision was based on complainant’s testimony generally, not just the knife incident. The evidence that defendant engaged in a prolonged pattern of sexual abuse, which routinely involved choking complainant, pulling her hair, and subjecting her to abusive language, well supported the conclusion that defendant had treated complainant with conduct “designed to substantially increase the fear and anxiety,” or subjecting her to “extreme or prolonged . . . humiliation . . . inflicted to produce suffering or for the offender’s gratification.” That a knife threat eventually capped this campaign of intimidation and humiliation indicates neither that a fact from one offense was erroneously scored for another, nor that the trial court overly relied on that single evidentiary particular in reaching its scoring decision.

For these reasons, we conclude that the evidence well supported the trial court’s decision to score OV 7 at 50 points.
Affirmed.
/s/ E. Thomas Fitzgerald
/s/ Michael J. Talbot
/s/ Douglas B. Shapiro

MIOIDV. Renee' Harrington. Michigan Officer Involved Domestic Violence.


















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