Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Access to firearms increases risk of DV homicide by 500%

According to an article published by the National Network To End Domestic Violence [ "Too Many Domestic Violence Homicide Victims". February 24, 2014], if an abuser has access to a firearm, the victim's risk of being killed by her abuser increases by 500%.

Since a firearm - the abusing officer's duty weapon - is present during OIDV assaults, does that mean that compared to DV victims, that OIDV victims are 500% more likely to be killed?

Has a DV organization finally stepped up and spoken publicly about OIDV and how much more dangerous it is? The answer is: NO. 

NNEDV does not mention OIDV in their recent article, or in their paper that they published last year on DV homicides and an abuser's access to firearms.

Think about that one... How the hell can you do research on DV homicides involving firearms, and not include the most deadliest form of DV associated with shooting deaths: OIDV?










Too Many Domestic Violence Homicide Victims 
Category: News
February 24, 2014
NNEDV - National Network To End Domestic Violence
http://nnedv.org/news/4218-too-many-domestic-violence-homicide-victims.html

Nineteen year old Irais Acosta was just beginning to follow her dreams. She wanted to be a nurse and was planning to enroll at a local community college when her 18-year-old boyfriend, who was described as jealous and controlling, fatally shot her.

Sadly, there are many such stories of promising lives cut short by domestic violence. An average of three women are killed by a current or former abusive partner every single day in the United States. And when abusers have access to firearms, the risk of intimate partner homicide increases by 500%.

For every victim, for every Irais Acosta, we mourn the loss of life, the dreams left unfulfilled, the positive contributions to our society that could have been. We extend sympathy to surviving family, friends, and community members that grieve the loss of their loved ones. And hopefully, we deepen our resolve to work toward a day when these senseless murders no longer shred families and communities.

At NNEDV, we are working to ensure that those convicted of a felony or misdemeanor crime of domestic violence and those with a restraining order against them are not able to purchase or possess a firearm. Federal law already prohibits such individuals from owning or buying guns, yet loopholes in the law create an all-too-easy pathway for abusers to circumvent these prohibitions.
In more than 40 states, criminals convicted of domestic violence offenses (and other prohibited purchasers) can avoid background checks by buying guns — often at gun shows or through anonymous online transactions — from unlicensed private sellers who are not required by current federal law to conduct background checks. Gun owners should also be responsible for ensuring that they are not lending guns to someone who is prohibited from possessing them.

Federal legislation is urgently needed to close dangerous loopholes in the law and to keep guns out of the hands of those who would murder their intimate partners.

For more information and statistics on the tragedy of domestic violence homicides: http://nnedv.org/downloads/Policy/2013AdvConf_GunLegislationBW.pdf
















 GUNS, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 
AND HOMICIDE 

NNEDV
National Network
To End Domestic
Violence

Every day, victims are killed or severely injured due to the lethal combination of guns and domestic violence. 

A staggering number of women are killed at the hands of their abusers, and handguns are the most frequently used weapon in domestic violence homicides. When abusers have access to firearms, victims’ lives are put in grave danger. 

Gun Possession Increases Women’s Risk of Violence and Death 
· Nearly one-third of all women murdered in the United States in recent years were murdered by a current or former intimate partner. In 2010, 1,017 women, more than three a day, were killed by their intimate partners.i 
· More than three times as many women are murdered by guns used by their husbands or intimate partners than are murdered by strangers’ guns, knives, or other weapons combined.ii 
· Women in the United States are eleven times more likely to be murdered with guns than women in other high-income countries.iii 
· Of females killed with a firearm, almost two-thirds were killed by an intimate partner.iv 
· In 2010, 52 percent of female homicide victims were shot and killed with a gun.
· Handguns are more likely than rifles or shotguns to be used in homicides in which men kill women. In 2010, handguns were used in 70 percent of cases where men used firearms to kill women.vi 
· Homes with guns have a 3-fold increased homicide risk as compared to homes without guns. This risk increases to 8-fold when the perpetrator is an intimate partner or relative of the victim. When previous domestic violence exists, the risk of homicide is 20 times higher.vii 
· Access to firearms yields a more than 500% increase in risk of intimate partner homicide when considering other factors of abuse, according to a recent study, suggesting that abusers who have access to guns tend to inflict the most severe abuse on their partners.viii 

Background Checks Can Help Prevent Domestic Violence Homicides and Save Lives 
Background checks are the most effective, systematic way to prevent domestic violence offenders from purchasing firearms. Since its creation in 1998, the National Instant Background Check System (NICS) has successfully resolved over 90% of checks instantaneously and effectively blocked more than two million gun purchases by prohibited buyers. 

But there are two critical problems in the background checks system: data that would disqualify an abuser from purchasing firearms is not always fully or accurately entered into the relevant databases, and prohibited purchasers are able to buy guns from alternative sources. In fact, an estimated 6.6 million guns are sold each year without a background check.ix Stories like that of Zina Daniel of Brookfield, WI, illustrate the lethal nature of these loopholes. Zina obtained a restraining order against her abusive husband, Radcliffe Haughton, on October 18, 2012; yet he was able to obtain a gun over the internet without a background check, and on October 21, 2012, he murdered his wife at her place of work and also killed two bystanders before committing suicide. These gaps must be remedied in order to save lives by preventing abusers from accessing firearms. 

Legislative Solutions 
To keep victims of domestic violence safe from deadly gun violence, Congress must pass legislation that: 
· Ensures that data is promptly and completely entered into NICS databases: Courts need additional resources in order to automate their recordkeeping systems so that restraining orders and domestic violence convictions, along with all of the necessary data elements, can be entered and uploaded immediately to NICS databases. Too often, abusers are able to purchase firearms simply because the data designating them as prohibited purchasers fails to make it into the NICS system. For example, from 1998 to 2001, more than 2,800 people with misdemeanor domestic violence convictions were able to purchase guns without being identified by NICS, in part because required data elements were missing.x In domestic violence cases, where the risk of lethality is especially high immediately after the issuance of a restraining order or a criminal conviction, it is imperative that abusers’ prohibited purchaser status is swiftly and consistently identified through NICS. We urge Congress to provide incentives to ensure that all states promptly and completely enter both civil and criminal prohibited purchaser data to improve the efficient operation of NICS. 

· Expand background checks to close the “private sale loophole”: The “private sale loophole” gives domestic violence offenders and other prohibited purchasers easy access to guns. In more than 40 states, criminals convicted of domestic violence offenses and other prohibited purchasers can avoid background checks by buying handguns or long guns — often at gun shows or through anonymous online transactions — from unlicensed “private sellers” who are not required by current federal law to conduct background checks. Federal legislation is urgently needed to close this dangerous loophole and to keep guns out of the hands of those who would murder their intimate partners. 

To keep victims of domestic violence safe from deadly gun violence, Congress must pass legislation that requires background checks for all gun sales and improves utilization of the National Instant Criminal Background Checks system. 
· Representatives: Co-sponsor H.R. 1565 and pass legislation that includes these key provisions 
· Senators: Pass legislation that includes these key provisions 

Rennison, Callie Marie and Sarah Welchans. 2003. Intimate Partner Violence 1993-2001. U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics. Washington, DC; When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2010 Homicide Data: Females Murdered by Males in Single Victim/Single Offender Incidents. 2012. Violence Policy Center. Washington, DC. http://www.vpc.org/studies/wmmw2012.pdf. 
ii Violence Policy Center. (2004). When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2002 Homicide Data: Females Murdered by Males in Single Victim/Single Offender Incidents. 
iii D. Hemenway and E.G. Richardson, “Homicide, Suicide, and Unintentional Firearm Fatality: Comparing the United States with Other High-Income Countries, 2003,” 70 Journal of Trauma 238-42 (2011), available at doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3181dbaddf. 
iv When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2010 Homicide Data: Females Murdered by Males in Single Victim/Single Offender Incidents. 2012. Violence Policy Center. Washington, DC. http://www.vpc.org/studies/wmmw2012.pdf. 
v When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2010 Homicide Data: Females Murdered by Males in Single Victim/Single Offender Incidents. 2012. Violence Policy Center. Washington, DC. http://www.vpc.org/studies/wmmw2012.pdf. 
vi When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2010 Homicide Data: Females Murdered by Males in Single Victim/Single Offender Incidents. 2012. Violence Policy Center. Washington, DC. http://www.vpc.org/studies/wmmw2012.pdf. 
vii Kellermann AL, Rivara FP, Rushforth NB, et al. Gun ownership as a risk factor for homicide in the home. New England Journal of Medicine. 1993;329(15):1084-1091 
viii J. C. Campbell, J.C.,Webster, D., Koziol-McLain, J. and et al. (2003). Risk Factors For Femicide in Abusive Relationships: Results From A Multi-Site Case Control Study. American Journal of Public Health. 93(7). 
ix Mayors Against Illegal Guns. http://libcloud.s3.amazonaws.com/9/0f/f/1721/Background_Checks_Fact_Sheet.pdf 
x Opportunities to Close Loopholes in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System. 2002. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives Genearl Accounting Office, Washington DC.

Network to End Domestic Violence (NNEDV) | 1400 16th Street NW, Suite 330 | Washington, DC 20036 Phone: (202) 543-5566 | Email: advocacy@nnedv.org | Web: www.nnedv.org 











I searched the NNEDV website [http://nnedv.org/ ] to see if they had any studies or information on OIDV - I found nothing:












So, I decided to contact NNEDV and ask them why they are not talking about OIDV in their DV homicide and access to firearms stats:





Monday, March 3, 2014

Officer Johnny Ray Bridges - Detroit PD

On March 03, 2014, Officer Johnny Ray Bridges assaulted his girlfriend and fired his gun during the altercation.





The Detroit PD was well aware of Officer Bridges violent tendencies. On February 25, 2006 Officer Bridges beat Olden Medley unconscious. Bridges was not even reprimanded by the department, although the City of Detroit later paid a settlement to Medley for the assault. [ See below]









Detroit police chief calls recent spurt of criminal allegations against officers 'an anomaly'
By Gus Burns
March 07, 2014 at 5:48 PM
Updated March 07, 2014 at 6:07 PM
http://www.mlive.com/news/detroit/index.ssf/2014/03/detroit_police_chief_calls_rec.html



DETROIT, MI -- Detroit Police Chief James Craig calls recent criminal allegations made against three of his officers, the latest charges of criminal sexual assault filed against Officer Deon Nunlee, concerning, but not the norm.

Earlier this week, Detroit Police Officer Johnny Ray Bridges was accused of detaining and beating a woman, with whom he'd been drinking earlier on the night of March 3, and firing a gun into the air inside a residence.

On Sunday, Detroit Police Officer Dana Bond, 41, who was already suspended without pay because prior retail fraud charges, is accused of crashing into another vehicle while drunk, injuring two passengers and attempting to flee the scene.

"I'm troubled, certainly this is the type of criminal misconduct that should never happen by any member of this department, or any department for that matter," Craig said while addressing the sexual assault allegations. "I view this as an anomaly; this is certainly is not a trend."

Nunlee, hired by the department in 2008, is accused of responding to the home of a woman claiming she had been assaulted by her boyfriend after 2 a.m. on Oct. 30. 

The Wayne County Prosecutor Kym Worthy's Office says Nunlee took the woman away from his partner and the suspect to an upstairs room of the home on the 16000 block of Asbury in Detroit.

Craig said the partner properly separated the individuals, but improperly lost "line of sight" with one another, something Craig said is improper procedure. 

Police are not saying exactly what happened next, but the domestic violence victim, whose boyfriend was being arrested downstairs, says she was sexually assaulted.

According to the Wayne County Prosecutor's Office, Nunlee told the woman he'd be returning at 7 a.m., for what the department did not disclose. 

Commander Johnny Thomas of the Process Standards Bureau, the section that reviewed the allegations, said the officer never returned to the house. 

The department was notified of the alleged crime later the same morning and took the woman to the hospital for a "rape-kit" examination. 

Thomas said Nunlee was placed on "Admin.-no gun" duty, which is basically paid desk duty, until the collected DNA, which was sent to the state police Crime Lab immediately after collection, according to Thomas, returned on Feb. 10 and was confirmed to be the officer's, at which time Nunlee was suspended without pay.

Although Detroit police claim the forensic results were received Feb. 10, state police spokesman Shanon Banner said the Crime Lab records show results were release more than two weeks earlier in Jan. 22.

He is now charged with three counts of second-degree criminal sexual assault, sexual assault with intent to penetrate and misconduct in office.

He paid $5,000, 10 percent of the judge-ordered $50,000 surety bond, and was released after his arraignment Friday.

Nunlee has some "minor" infractions in his disciplinary file, "but nothing near this degree," Thomas said Friday. He did not know the nature of the other infractions. 

Craig said the recent spurt of alleged crimes committed by police is significantly impacting the public's perception.


"This is not what our police officers do ... it does not represent the 2,500 or so sworn men and women who wear this shade of blue," Craig said. "I think the majority of the public has a great deal of trust and respect in the department."

















Detroit Police Officer Faces Assault Charges
Friday, March 7 

(Detroit, MI) -- A Detroit police officer is facing charges after allegedly assaulting a woman inside a Detroit home. The Wayne County Prosecutor's Office says Officer Johnny Bridges was drinking with the 31-year-old female victim on March 3rd when the two got into an argument. Bridges allegedly fired his handgun into the air and then proceeded to punch and kick the woman. He faces charges of unlawful imprisonment, assault with intent to do great bodily harm, domestic violence and reckless discharge of a firearm. 














Off-duty Detroit police officer punched, kicked woman in face, body, prosecutor says
3:49 PM, March 5, 2014
24 Comments 
Detroit Free Press

A Detroit police officer has been charged with assaulting a woman acquaintance while he was off-duty, the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office announced today.

Detroit Police Officer Johnny Ray Bridges, 47, was charged with unlawful imprisonment, assault with intent to do great bodily harm, domestic violence and reckless discharge of a firearm and is expected to be arraigned today, according to the prosecutor’s office.

Prosecutors said the incident occurred about 1:45 a.m. Monday when Bridges was off duty. According to the prosecutor’s office, he and a 31-year-old woman were drinking and began arguing and at some point, Bridges fired a handgun into the air. Prosecutors said he punched and kicked the woman in the face and the body.

“The victim was clothed in only a t-shirt when she managed to escape from the location by breaking out a front window,” according to the prosecutor’s office. “She ran to a nearby restaurant where the employees immediately assisted her by providing clothing and calling 911. The victim was transported to a local hospital for treatment and is in stable condition.”


Comments for 'Off-duty Detroit police officer punched, kicked woman in face, body, prosecutor says'

Add your comment 
http://www.freep.com/comments/article/20140305/NEWS01/303050118/Detroit-police-officer-charged-with-domestic-violence

Rick Baker · Top Commenter · Wayne State University. With all the criminal cops, judges & politicians, how can anybody else be expected to respect the law.  March 5 at 2:15pm

Vera Powers · Top Commenter .all law enforcers are not criminals. that's no excuse maybe,he needs help.as for the lady i am sorry she had to go through that abuse.stressful situation is a possibility for the officer i wish them both well.this is no time to be losing one's job.the whole city is in a mess moneywise,so they say. March 6 at 8:22am

Rick Baker · Top Commenter · Wayne State University.Vera Powers, Maybe they all are not criminals, but why is it nearly every day there is a story about a police officer, judge or politician caught up in some sort of scandal? It's obviously not a rare occurrence anymore. March 6 at 8:37am

Amanda Zdrodowski · Top Commenter · Walsh College. Is it any wonder why people are so negative towards police?? If you do not want to protect and serve, then run for a political office!March 5 at 3:19pm

Elizabeth May Hamlin Shelton · Top Commenter · Wayne, Michigan. Touche'! March 5 at 4:57pm

John Channell. they will accidentally misplace the paperwork n it will cause a mistrial. March 5 at 2:30pm

Robert Clos · Top Commenter. I do not claim any of this behavior should be condoned . But Cops and Veterans have a high rate of PTSD . Instead of getting help , because they are the protectors , ect. A lot of them turn to other means , drinking , ect . The Vets are really combating suicides . There is help out there for everyone . March 5 at 4:48pm

Kendrick Carroll · Top Commenter · SC4 . don't sully the names of good selfless people who served overseas by comparing them to self-serving children with tin badges! not even the same sport sir. March 5 at 8:07pm

Andre Ventura · Follow · Top Commenter · Farmington High School . Oops the cop wasn't on the clock, so he can't justify his normal brutality? March 5 at 3:18pm

Andre Ventura · Follow · Top Commenter · Farmington High School 
Oops the cop wasn't on the clock, so he can't justify his normal brutality? March 5 at 3:18pm

Erik Xavier Williams · Top Commenter. If he had been on duty. She would have been charged with resisting arrest and assualting a police officer and this would have been a non story. It happens all the time thru out the states. March 5 at 10:48pm

John Garlington · Key West Community College. I smell cover-up already. March 5 at 1:59pm

Mike Keizer · Top Commenter · Works at Disc Golf . Sorry lady, but he's the police and you have to do what he says. March 5 at 2:05pm

Joey Torres · Follow · Top Commenter · Kansas City, Missouri . "To protect and serve"...his buzz. March 5 at 4:10pm

Tracey M. Martin · Follow · Top Commenter. Wild Times in the D for off-duty DPD? March 5 at 7:11pm

Steven Kenneth Dest · Top Commenter · Northeaster HS. One of Detroits finest Police lowered their standards what do you expect.? March 5 at 6:12pm

Sheila Underwood · Top Commenter · Wayne State University To protect and service. March 5 at 3:14pm

Lenann Massey · Top Commenter · Indianapolis, Indiana. What a POS!! March 5 at 2:12pm

Ken Franks · Top Commenter · Farmington Hills, Michigan . Just a day on the range...the big D. No ? this case will get knocked down to a common misdemeanor - "Hell, just busted the bitches face in...whas' up?". Just a day in da' houd. March 5 at 2:44pm

Edwin Denby · Follow · Top Commenter · Detroit, Michigan. Ken, In your rush to ignorance, maybe you should wait on the facts to roll out. It could be your neighbor in Suburbia who is the Officer... March 5 at 5:55pm

Walden Schmidt · Top Commenter. Did they move the Pasadena, Davison and Nickey D's to the suburbs? Spin again. March 5 at 6:53pm

Tom Hunter · Top Commenter · No place of importance. Ok, so letting this guy become a Police Officer was obviously a mistake. Right? March 5 at 9:56pm

Carlos Gaither · Top Commenter · Works at State of Michigan. She resisted arrest!!! March 5 at 5:19pm

Ken Franks · Top Commenter · Farmington Hills, Michigan. bsdfbdsfb. March 5 at 2:40pm















Detroit Cop Charged With Firing Gun During Fight With Woman, Leaving Her Battered
March 5, 2014 2:31 PM
CBS News - Detroit
http://detroit.cbslocal.com/2014/03/05/detroit-cop-charged-with-firing-gun-during-fight-with-woman-leaving-her-battered-and-bloody/


DETROIT (CBS Detroit) After allegedly firing his gun and assaulting a female companion to the point she leapt out a window, a Detroit police officer was charged with assault.

Wayne County Prosecutor Kym Worthy announced charges Wednesday against Officer Johnny Ray Bridges, 47, in connection with the assault of a 31- year-old woman at a home in Detroit. 

Worthy said at about 1:45 a.m. march 3 Bridges was off-duty when he and the victim had an argument while both were drinking alcohol.

“At some point during the argument Bridges fired a handgun into the air,” Worthy said in a press release, adding, “Bridges assaulted the victim by punching and kicking her face and body.”

Wearing only a T-shirt in sub-zero temperatures, the victim escaped by breaking out the front window and running away. She ran to a nearby restaurant where the employees immediately assisted her by providing clothing and calling 911.

The victim was transported to a local hospital for treatment and is in stable condition, police said.

After an investigation by the Detroit police, Bridges was arrested on the same day. He has been charged with: unlawful imprisonment, assault with intent to do great bodily harm, domestic violence and reckless discharge of a firearm. 












****************
On February 25, 2006 Officer Bridges beat Olden Medley unconscious.